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Deputy Leader: Kirk Knobelspiesse
Scientists:     Engineers:
Bob Bergstrom     Stephen Dunagan
Meloe Kacenelenbogen     Roy Johnson
Samuel LeBlanc     Cecilia Chang
John Livingston    
Philip Russell     Data Analyst:
Michal Segal-Rosenheimer     Qin Zhang
Yohei Shinozuka
Beat Schmid
Connor Flynn
S. Ramachandran    



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122. Kacenelenbogen, M., Vaughan, M. A., Redemann, J., Hoff, R. M., Rogers, R. R., Ferrare, R. A., Russell, P. B., Hostetler, C. A., Hair, J. W., and Holben, B. N.: An accuracy assessment of the CALIOP/CALIPSO version 2/version 3 daytime aerosol extinction product based on a detailed multi-sensor, multi-platform case study, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 3981-4000, doi:10.5194/acp-11-3981-2011, 2011.
121. Knobelspiesse, K., B. Cairns, M. Ottaviani, R. Ferrare, J. Hair, C. Hostetler, M. Obland, R. Rogers, J. Redemann, Y. Shinozuka, A. Clarke, S. Freitag, S. Howell, V. Kapustin, and C. McNaughton, Combined retrievals of boreal forest fire aerosol properties with a polarimeter and lidar, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 7045-7067, 2011.
120. Knobelspiesse, K., B. Cairns, J. Redemann, R. W. Bergstrom, and A. Stohl, Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and cloud properties during the MILAGRO field campaign, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 6245-6263, 2011
119. McFarquhar G., B. Schmid, A. Korolev, J. A. Ogren, P.B. Russell, J. Tomlinson, D. D. Turner and W. Wiscombe, Airborne Instrumentation Needs for Climate and Atmospheric Research, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 92, 11931196. doi: 10.1175/2011BAMS3180.1, 2011.
118. Redemann, J., M. A. Vaughan, Q. Zhang, Y. Shinozuka, P. B. Russell, J. M. Livingston, M. Kacenelenbogen, and L. A. Remer, The comparison of MODIS-Aqua (C5) and CALIOP (V2 & V3) aerosol optical depth, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 11, 22987-23027, 2011
117. Shinozuka, Y., Redemann, J., Livingston, J. M., Russell, P. B., Clarke, A. D., Howell, S. G., Freitag, S., O'Neill, N. T., Reid, E. A., Johnson, R., Ramachandran, S., McNaughton, C. S., Kapustin, V. N., Brekhovskikh, V., Holben, B. N., and McArthur, L. J. B.: Airborne observation of aerosol optical depth during ARCTAS: vertical profiles, inter-comparison and fine-mode fraction, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 3673-3688, doi:10.5194/acp-11-3673-2011, 2011.
116. Shinozuka, Y., and J. Redemann, Horizontal variability of aerosol optical depth observed during the ARCTAS airborne experiment, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 8489-8495, 2011.


115. Schmidt, K. S., P. Pilewskie, R. Bergstrom, O. Coddington, J. Redemann, J. Livingston, P. Russell, E. Bierwirth, M. Wendisch, W. Gore, M. K. Dubey, and C. Mazzoleni, A new method for deriving aerosol solar radiative forcing and its first application within MILAGRO/INTEX-B, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 7829-7843, 2010.
114. Coddington, O. M., P. Pilewskie, J. Redemann, S. Platnick, P. B. Russell, K. S. Schmidt, W. J. Gore, J. Livingston, G. Wind, and T. Vukicevic (2010), Examining the impact of overlying aerosols on the retrieval of cloud optical properties from passive remote sensing, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D10211, doi:10.1029/2009JD012829.
113. Lyapustin, A., Gatebe, C. K., Kahn, R., Brandt, R., Redemann, J., Russell, P., King, M. D., Pedersen, C. A., Gerland, S., Poudyal, R., Marshak, A., Wang, Y., Schaaf, C., Hall, D., and Kokhanovsky, A.: Analysis of snow bidirectional reflectance from ARCTAS spring-2008 campaign, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 4359-4375, 2010.
112. Jacob, D.J., J.H. Crawford, H. Maring, A.D. Clarke, J.E. Dibb, L.K. Emmons, R.A. Ferrare, C.A. Hostetler, P.B. Russell, H.B. Singh, A.M. Thompson, G.E. Shaw, E. McCauley, J.R. Pederson, and J.A. Fisher, The Arctic Resarch of the Composition of the Troposphere from Aircraft and Satellites (ARCTAS) mission: design, execution, and first results, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 5191-5212, 2010.
111. Bergstrom, R. W., K. S. Schmidt, O. Coddington, P. Pilewskie, H. Guan, J. M. Livingston, J. Redemann, and P. B. Russell, Aerosol spectral absorption in the Mexico City area: results from airborne measurements during MILAGRO/INTEX B, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 6333-6343, 2010.
110. Russell, P. B., Bergstrom, R. W., Shinozuka, Y., Clarke, A. D., DeCarlo, P. F., Jimenez, J. L., Livingston, J. M., Redemann, J., Dubovik, O., and Strawa, A.: Absorption Angstrom Exponent in AERONET and related data as an indicator of aerosol composition, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1155-1169, 2010.


109. Redemann, J., Q. Zhang, P. B. Russell, J. M. Livingston, and L. A. Remer (2009), Case studies of aerosol remote sensing in the vicinity of clouds, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D06209, doi:10.1029/2008JD010774.
108. Schmid, B., C. J. Flynn, R. K. Newsom, D. D. Turner, R. A. Ferrare, M. F. Clayton, E. Andrews, J. A. Ogren, R. R. Johnson, P. B. Russell, W. J. Gore, R. Dominguez, Validation of aerosol extinction and water vapor profiles from routine Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D22207, doi:10.1029/2009JD012682.
107. Rogers, R. R., Hair, J. W., Hostetler, C. A., Ferrare, R. A., Obland, M. D., Cook, A. L., Harper, D. B., Burton, S. P., Shinozuka, Y., McNaughton, C. S., Clarke, A. D., Redemann, J., Russell, P. B., Livingston, J. M., and Kleinman, L. I.: NASA LaRC airborne high spectral resolution lidar aerosol measurements during MILAGRO: observations and validation, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 4811-4826, 2009.
106. Shinozuka, Y., A. D. Clarke, P. F. DeCarlo, J. L. Jimenez, E. J. Dunlea, G. C. Roberts, J. M. Tomlinson, D. R. Collins, S. G. Howell, V. N. Kapustin, C. S. McNaughton, and J. Zhou: Aerosol optical properties relevant to regional remote sensing of CCN activity and links to their organic mass fraction: airborne observations over Central Mexico and the US West Coast during MILAGRO/INTEX-B, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 6727-6742, 2009.
105. Redemann, J., Zhang, Q., Livingston, J., Russell, P., Shinozuka, Y., Clarke, A., Johnson, R., and Levy, R.: Testing aerosol properties in MODIS Collection 4 and 5 using airborne sunphotometer observations in INTEX-B/MILAGRO, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 8159-8172, 2009.
104. Livingston, J. M., J. Redemann, P. B. Russell, O. Torres, B. Veihelmann, P. Veefkind, R. Braak, A. Smirnov, L. Remer, R. W. Bergstrom, O. Coddington, K. S> Schmidt, P. Pilewskie, R. Johnson, and Q. Zhang, Comparison of aerosol optical depths from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on Aura with results from airborne sunphotometry, other space and ground measurements during MILAGRO/INTEX-B, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 6743-6765, 2009.


103. Coddington, O., K. S. Schmidt, P. Pilewskie, W. J. Gore, R. W. Bergstrom, M. Román, J. Redemann, P. B. Russell, J. Liu, and C. C. Schaaf (2008), Aircraft measurements of spectral surface albedo and its consistency with ground-based and space-borne observations, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D17209, doi:10.1029/2008JD010089
102. Livingston, J.M., B. Schmid, P.B.Russell, J. Redemann, J.R.Podolske, and G.S.Diskin, 2008: Comparison of Water Vapor Measurements by Airborne Sun Photometer and Diode Laser Hygrometer on the NASA DC-8. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 25, 1733-1743, doi: 10.1175/2008JTECHA1047.1.
101. Magi, B. I. , Q. Fu, J. Redemann, and B. Schmid ( 2008 ), Using aircraft measurements to estimate the magnitude and uncertainty of the shortwave direct radiative forcing of southern African biomass burning aerosol , J. Geophys. Res. , 113 , D05213, doi:10.1029/2007JD009258.


100. Bergstrom, R. W., P. Pilewskie, P. B. Russell, J. Redemann, T. C. Bond, P. K. Quinn, and B. Sierau, Spectral absorption properties of atmospheric aerosols, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 5937-5943, 2007.
99. Kuzmanoski M., M. Box, B. Schmid , G. P. Box, J. Wang, P. Russell , H. Jonsson, J. Seinfeld. Aerosol properties computed from aircraft-based observations during the ACE-Asia campaign: 1. Aerosol size distributions retrieved from optical thickness measurements, Aerosol Science and Technology, February 2007; Volume 41 No. 2 Page 202
98. Kuzmanoski, M.,   M. A. Box;  B. Schmid;  G. P. Box;  J. Wang;  P. B. Russell;  D. Bates;  H. H. Jonsson;  E. J. Welton; J. H. Seinfeld, Aerosol Properties Computed from Aircraft-Based Observations During the ACE-Asia Campaign: 2. A Case Study of Lidar Ratio Closure, Aerosol Science and Technology; March 2007; Volume 41 No. 3 Page 231 10.1080/02786820601146977
97. Kuzmanoski, M., M. A. Box, B. Schmid, P. B. Russell, and J. Redemann, "Case study of modeled aerosol optical properties during the SAFARI 2000 campaign," Appl. Opt. 46 , 5263-5275 (2007)
96. Leahy, L. V. , T. L. Anderson, T. F. Eck, and R. W. Bergstrom ( 2007 ), A synthesis of single scattering albedo of biomass burning aerosol over southern Africa during SAFARI 2000 , Geophys. Res. Lett. , 34 , L12814, doi:10.1029/2007GL029697.
95. Livingston, J. , et al. ( 2007 ), Comparison of water vapor measurements by airborne Sun photometer and near-coincident in situ and satellite sensors during INTEX/ITCT 2004 , J. Geophys. Res. , 112 , D12S16, doi:10.1029/2006JD007733.
94. Magi, B. I. , Q. Fu, and J. Redemann ( 2007 ), A methodology to retrieve self-consistent aerosol optical properties using common aircraft measurements , J. Geophys. Res. , 112 , D24S12, doi:10.1029/2006JD008312.
93. Russell, P. B. , et al. ( 2007 ), Multi-grid-cell validation of satellite aerosol property retrievals in INTEX/ITCT/ICARTT 2004 , J. Geophys. Res. , 112 , D12S09, doi:10.1029/2006JD007606.


92. Andrews, E. , et al. ( 2006 ), Comparison of methods for deriving aerosol asymmetry parameter , J. Geophys. Res. , 111 , D05S04, doi:10.1029/2004JD005734.
91. Bond, Tami C., Robert W. Bergstrom, Light Absorption by Carbonaceous Particles: An Investigative Review, Aerosol Science and Technology; January 2006; Volume 40 No. 1 Pages 27 - 67 DOI: 10.1080/02786820500421521
90. Bond, T. C. , G. Habib, and R. W. Bergstrom ( 2006 ), Limitations in the enhancement of visible light absorption due to mixing state , J. Geophys. Res. , 111 , D20211, doi:10.1029/2006JD007315.
89. Fehsenfeld, F. C. , et al. ( 2006 ), International Consortium for Atmospheric Research on Transport and Transformation (ICARTT): North America to Europe-Overview of the 2004 summer field study , J. Geophys. Res. , 111 , D23S01, doi:10.1029/2006JD007829.
88. Ferrare, R. , et al. ( 2006 ), Evaluation of daytime measurements of aerosols and water vapor made by an operational Raman lidar over the Southern Great Plains , J. Geophys. Res. , 111 , D05S08, doi:10.1029/2005JD005836.
87. Ferrare, R. , G. Feingold, S. Ghan, J. Ogren, B. Schmid, S. E. Schwartz, and P. Sheridan ( 2006 ), Preface to special section: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program May 2003 Intensive Operations Period examining aerosol properties and radiative influences , J. Geophys. Res. , 111 , D05S01, doi:10.1029/2005JD006908.
86. Hallar, A. G. , et al. ( 2006 ), Atmospheric Radiation Measurements Aerosol Intensive Operating Period: Comparison of aerosol scattering during coordinated flights , J. Geophys. Res. , 111 , D05S09, doi:10.1029/2005JD006250.
85. Pitts, M. C.,  L. W. Thomason, J. M. Zawodny, B. N. Wenny, J. M. Livingston, P. B.  Russell , J.-H. Yee, W. H. Swartz, and R. E. Shetter, Ozone observations by the Gas and Aerosol Measurement Sensor during SOLVE II, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 2695-2709, 2006.
84. Redemann, J. , P. Pilewskie, P. B. Russell, J. M. Livingston, S. Howard, B. Schmid, J. Pommier, W. Gore, J. Eilers, and M. Wendisch ( 2006 ), Airborne measurements of spectral direct aerosol radiative forcing in the Intercontinental chemical Transport Experiment/Intercontinental Transport and Chemical Transformation of anthropogenic pollution, 2004 , J. Geophys. Res. , 111 , D14210, doi:10.1029/2005JD006812.
83. Redemann, J. , Q. Zhang, B. Schmid, P. B. Russell, J. M. Livingston, H. Jonsson, and L. A. Remer ( 2006 ), Assessment of MODIS-derived visible and near-IR aerosol optical properties and their spatial variability in the presence of mineral dust , Geophys. Res. Lett. , 33 , L18814, doi:10.1029/2006GL026626.
82. Ricchiazzi, P. , C. Gautier, J. A. Ogren, and B. Schmid ( 2006 ), A comparison of aerosol optical properties obtained from in situ measurements and retrieved from Sun and sky radiance observations during the May 2003 ARM Aerosol Intensive Observation Period , J. Geophys. Res. , 111 , D05S06, doi:10.1029/2005JD005863.
81. Schmid, B. , et al. ( 2006 ), How well do state-of-the-art techniques measuring the vertical profile of tropospheric aerosol extinction compare? , J. Geophys. Res. , 111 , D05S07, doi:10.1029/2005JD005837.
80. Singh, H. B. , W. H. Brune, J. H. Crawford, D. J. Jacob, and P. B. Russell ( 2006 ), Overview of the summer 2004 Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment-North America (INTEX-A) , J. Geophys. Res. , 111 , D24S01, doi:10.1029/2006JD007905.
79. Strawa, A. W. , et al. ( 2006 ), Comparison of in situ aerosol extinction and scattering coefficient measurements made during the Aerosol Intensive Operating Period , J. Geophys. Res. , 111 , D05S03, doi:10.1029/2005JD006056.


78. Anderson, T. L. , Y. Wu, D. A. Chu, B. Schmid, J. Redemann, and O. Dubovik ( 2005 ), Testing the MODIS satellite retrieval of aerosol fine-mode fraction , J. Geophys. Res. , 110 , D18204, doi:10.1029/2005JD005978.
77. Chowdhary, Jacek, Brian Cairns,  Michael I. Mishchenko,  Peter V. Hobbs,  Glenn F. Cota,  Jens Redemann,  Ken Rutledge,  Brent N. Holben, and Ed Russell, Retrieval of Aerosol Scattering and Absorption Properties from Photopolarimetric Observations over the Ocean during the CLAMS Experiment, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences
Volume 62, Issue 4 (April 2005) pp. 1093-1117 DOI: 10.1175/JAS3389.1
76. Chu, D. A. , et al. ( 2005 ), Evaluation of aerosol properties over ocean from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) during ACE-Asia , J. Geophys. Res. , 110 , D07308, doi:10.1029/2004JD005208.
75. Gatebe, Charles K., Michael D. King,  Alexei I. Lyapustin,  G. Thomas Arnold, and Jens Redemann, Airborne Spectral Measurements of Ocean Directional Reflectance, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences Volume 62, Issue 4 (April 2005) pp. 1072-1092 DOI: 10.1175/JAS3386.1
74. Jin, Zhonghai, Thomas P. Charlock,  Ken Rutledge,  Glenn Cota,  Ralph Kahn,  Jens Redemann,  Taiping Zhang,  David A. Rutan, and Fred Rose, Radiative Transfer Modeling for the CLAMS Experiment, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences Volume 62, Issue 4 (April 2005) pp. 1053-1071 DOI: 10.1175/JAS3351.1
73. Levy,  R. C., L. A. Remer,  J. V. Martins,  Y. J. Kaufman,  A. Plana-Fattori,  J. Redemann, and B. Wenny, Evaluation of the MODIS Aerosol Retrievals over Ocean and Land during CLAMS, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences Volume 62, Issue 4 (April 2005) pp. 974-992 DOI: 10.1175/JAS3391.1
72. Livingston, J. M., B. Schmid, P. B.  Russell , J. A. Eilers, R. W. Kolyer, J. Redemann, S. R. Ramirez, J.-H. Yee, W. H. Swartz, C. R. Trepte, L. W. Thomason, M. C. Pitts, M. A. Avery, C. E. Randall, J. D. Lumpe, R. M. Bevilacqua, M. Bittner, T. Erbertseder, R. D. McPeters, R. E. Shetter, E. V. Browell, J. B. Kerr, and K. Lamb, Retrieval of ozone column content from airborne Sun photometer measurements during SOLVE II: comparison with coincident satellite and aircraft measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 2035-2054, 2005.
71. Magi, Brian I., Peter V. Hobbs,  Thomas W. Kirchstetter,  Tihomir Novakov,  Dean A. Hegg,  Song Gao,  Jens Redemann, and Beat Schmid, Aerosol Properties and Chemical Apportionment of Aerosol Optical Depth at Locations off the U.S. East Coast in July and August 2001, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences Volume 62, Issue 4 (April 2005) pp. 919-933 DOI: 10.1175/JAS3263.1
70. Redemann, J., B. Schmid,  J. A. Eilers,  R. Kahn,  R. C. Levy,  P. B. Russell,  J. M. Livingston,  P. V. Hobbs,  W. L. Smith, and B. N. Holben, Suborbital Measurements of Spectral Aerosol Optical Depth and Its Variability at Subsatellite Grid Scales in Support of CLAMS 2001, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences Volume 62, Issue 4 (April 2005) pp. 993-1007 DOI: 10.1175/JAS3387.1
69. Russell, P., J. Livingston, B. Schmid, J. Eilers, R. Kolyer, J. Redemann, S. Ramirez, J.-H. Yee, W. Swartz, R. Shetter, C. Trepte, A. Risley Jr., B. Wenny, J. Zawodny, W. Chu, M. Pitts, J. Lumpe, M. Fromm, C. Randall, K. Hoppel, and R. Bevilacqua, Aerosol optical depth measurements by airborne sun photometer in SOLVE II: Comparisons to SAGE III, POAM III and airborne spectrometer measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 1311-1339, 2005.
68. Smith, W. L. Jr.,  T. P. Charlock,  R. Kahn,  J. V. Martins,  L. A. Remer,  P. V. Hobbs,  J. Redemann, and C. K. Rutledge, EOS Terra Aerosol and Radiative Flux Validation: An Overview of the Chesapeake Lighthouse and Aircraft Measurements for Satellites (CLAMS) Experiment, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences Volume 62, Issue 4 (April 2005) pp. 903-918 DOI: 10.1175/JAS3398.1
67. Swartz, W. H., J.-H. Yee, R. E. Shetter, S. R. Hall, B. L. Lefer, J. M. Livingston, P. B.  Russell , E. V. Browell, and M. A. Avery, Column ozone and aerosol optical properties retrieved from direct solar irradiance measurements during SOLVE II, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 611-622, 2005.


66. Bergstrom, R. W. , P. Pilewskie, J. Pommier, M. Rabbette, P. B. Russell, B. Schmid, J. Redemann, A. Higurashi, T. Nakajima, and P. K. Quinn ( 2004 ), Spectral absorption of solar radiation by aerosols during ACE-Asia , J. Geophys. Res. , 109 , D19S15, doi:10.1029/2003JD004467.
65. Kahn, R. , et al. ( 2004 ), Environmental snapshots from ACE-Asia , J. Geophys. Res. , 109 , D19S14, doi:10.1029/2003JD004339.
64. Russell, P. B. , J. M. Livingston, O. Dubovik, S. A. Ramirez, J. Wang, J. Redemann, B. Schmid, M. Box, and B. N. Holben ( 2004 ), Sunlight transmission through desert dust and marine aerosols: Diffuse light corrections to Sun photometry and pyrheliometry , J. Geophys. Res. , 109 , D08207, doi:10.1029/2003JD004292.
Seinfeld,  John H., Gregory R. Carmichael,  Richard Arimoto,  William C. Conant,  Frederick J. Brechtel,  Timothy S. Bates,  Thomas A. Cahill,  Antony D. Clarke,  Sarah J. Doherty,  Piotr J. Flatau,  Barry J. Huebert,  Jiyoung Kim,  Krzysztof M. Markowicz,  Patricia K. Quinn,  Lynn M. Russell,  Philip B. Russell,  Atsushi Shimizu,  Yohei Shinozuka,  Chul H. Song,  Youhua Tang,  Itsushi Uno,  Andrew M. Vogelmann,  Rodney J. Weber,  Jung-Hun Woo, and Xiao Y. Zhang, ACE-ASIA: Regional Climatic and Atmospheric Chemical Effects of Asian Dust and Pollution, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Volume 85, Issue 3 (March 2004) pp. 367-380 DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-85-3-367


62. Bauman, J. J. , P. B. Russell, M. A. Geller, and P. Hamill ( 2003 ), A stratospheric aerosol climatology from SAGE II and CLAES measurements: 1. Methodology , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D13 ), 4382, doi:10.1029/2002JD002992.
61. Bauman, J. J. , P. B. Russell, M. A. Geller, and P. Hamill ( 2003 ), A stratospheric aerosol climatology from SAGE II and CLAES measurements: 2. Results and comparisons, 1984-1999 , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D13 ), 4383, doi:10.1029/2002JD002993.
60. Bergstrom, R. W. , P. Pilewskie, B. Schmid, and P. B. Russell ( 2003 ), Estimates of the spectral aerosol single scattering albedo and aerosol radiative effects during SAFARI 2000 , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D13 ), 8474, doi:10.1029/2002JD002435.
59. Colarco, P. R. , et al. ( 2003 ), Saharan dust transport to the Caribbean during PRIDE: 2. Transport, vertical profiles, and deposition in simulations of in situ and remote sensing observations , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D19 ), 8590, doi:10.1029/2002JD002659.
58. Gatebe, C. K. , M. D. King, S. Platnick, G. T. Arnold, E. F. Vermote, and B. Schmid ( 2003 ), Airborne spectral measurements of surface-atmosphere anisotropy for several surfaces and ecosystems over southern Africa , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D13 ), 8489, doi:10.1029/2002JD002397.
57. Huebert, B. J. , T. Bates, P. B. Russell, G. Shi, Y. J. Kim, K. Kawamura, G. Carmichael, and T. Nakajima ( 2003 ), An overview of ACE-Asia: Strategies for quantifying the relationships between Asian aerosols and their climatic impacts , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D23 ), 8633, doi:10.1029/2003JD003550.
56. Kaufman, Y. J. , J. M. Haywood, P. V. Hobbs, W. Hart, R. Kleidman, and B. Schmid ( 2003 ), Remote sensing of vertical distributions of smoke aerosol off the coast of Africa , Geophys. Res. Lett. , 30 ( 16 ), 1831, doi:10.1029/2003GL017068.
55. Levy, R. C. , L. A. Remer, D. Tanré, Y. J. Kaufman, C. Ichoku, B. N. Holben, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, and H. Maring ( 2003 ), Evaluation of the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) retrievals of dust aerosol over the ocean during PRIDE , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D19 ), 8594, doi:10.1029/2002JD002460.
54. Livingston, J. M. , et al. ( 2003 ), Airborne Sun photometer measurements of aerosol optical depth and columnar water vapor during the Puerto Rico Dust Experiment and comparison with land, aircraft, and satellite measurements , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D19 ), 8588, doi:10.1029/2002JD002520.
53. Magi, B. I. , P. V. Hobbs, B. Schmid, and J. Redemann ( 2003 ), Vertical profiles of light scattering, light absorption, and single scattering albedo during the dry, biomass burning season in southern Africa and comparisons of in situ and remote sensing measurements of aerosol optical depths , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D13 ), 8504, doi:10.1029/2002JD002361.
52. Murayama, T. , et al. ( 2003 ), An intercomparison of lidar-derived aerosol optical properties with airborne measurements near Tokyo during ACE-Asia , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D23 ), 8651, doi:10.1029/2002JD003259.
51. Murayama, T. , et al. ( 2003 ), Correction to "An intercomparison of lidar-derived aerosol optical properties with airborne measurements near Tokyo during ACE-Asia" , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D23 ), 8005, doi:10.1029/2003JD004153.
50. Pilewskie, P. , J. Pommier, R. Bergstrom, W. Gore, S. Howard, M. Rabbette, B. Schmid, P. V. Hobbs, and S. C. Tsay ( 2003 ), Solar spectral radiative forcing during the Southern African Regional Science Initiative , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D13 ), 8486, doi:10.1029/2002JD002411.
49. Redemann, J. , S. J. Masonis, B. Schmid, T. L. Anderson, P. B. Russell, J. M. Livingston, O. Dubovik, and A. D. Clarke ( 2003 ), Clear-column closure studies of aerosols and water vapor aboard the NCAR C-130 during ACE-Asia, 2001 , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D23 ), 8655, doi:10.1029/2003JD003442.
48. Reid, J. S. , et al. ( 2003 ), Analysis of measurements of Saharan dust by airborne and ground-based remote sensing methods during the Puerto Rico Dust Experiment (PRIDE) , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D19 ), 8586, doi:10.1029/2002JD002493.
47. Revercomb,  H. E., D. D. Turner,  D. C. Tobin,  R. O. Knuteson,  W. F. Feltz,  J. Barnard,  J. Bösenberg,  S. Clough,  D. Cook,  R. Ferrare,  J. Goldsmith,  S. Gutman,  R. Halthore,  B. Lesht,  J. Liljegren,  H. Linné,  J. Michalsky,  V. Morris,  W. Porch,  S. Richardson,  B. Schmid,  M. Splitt,  T. Van Hove,  E. Westwater, and D. Whiteman, The Arm Program's Water Vapor Intensive Observation Periods, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Volume 84, Issue 2 (February 2003) pp. 217-236 DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-84-2-217
46. Schmid, B. , et al. ( 2003 ), Coordinated airborne, spaceborne, and ground-based measurements of massive thick aerosol layers during the dry season in southern Africa , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D13 ), 8496, doi:10.1029/2002JD002297.
45. Schmid, B. , et al. ( 2003 ), Column closure studies of lower tropospheric aerosol and water vapor during ACE-Asia using airborne Sun photometer and airborne in situ and ship-based lidar measurements , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D23 ), 8656, doi:10.1029/2002JD003361.
44. Wang, J. , S. A. Christopher, F. Brechtel, J. Kim, B. Schmid, J. Redemann, P. B. Russell, P. Quinn, and B. N. Holben ( 2003 ), Geostationary satellite retrievals of aerosol optical thickness during ACE-Asia , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D23 ), 8657, doi:10.1029/2003JD003580.
43. Wang, J. , S. A. Christopher, J. S. Reid, H. Maring, D. Savoie, B. N. Holben, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, and S. Yang ( 2003 ), GOES 8 retrieval of dust aerosol optical thickness over the Atlantic Ocean during PRIDE , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D19 ), 8595, doi:10.1029/2002JD002494.
42. Xu, J. , M. H. Bergin, R. Greenwald, and P. B. Russell ( 2003 ), Direct aerosol radiative forcing in the Yangtze delta region of China: Observation and model estimation , J. Geophys. Res. , 108 ( D2 ), 4060, doi:10.1029/2002JD002550.


41. Bergstrom, Robert W., Philip B. Russell, and Phillip Hignett, Wavelength Dependence of the Absorption of Black Carbon Particles: Predictions and Results from the TARFOX Experiment and Implications for the Aerosol Single Scattering Albedo, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences Volume 59, Issue 3 (February 2002) pp. 567-577 DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059<0567:WDOTAO>2.0.CO;2
40. McGill, M., D. Hlavka, W. Hart, V. S. Scott, J. Spinhirne, and B. Schmid, "Cloud Physics Lidar: Instrument Description and Initial Measurement Results," Appl. Opt. 41 , 3725-3734 (2002)
39. Reid, J. S. , D. L. Westphal, J. M. Livingston, D. L. Savoie, H. B. Maring, H. H. Jonsson, D. P. Eleuterio, J. E. Kinney, and E. A. Reid ( 2002 ), Dust vertical distribution in the Caribbean during the Puerto Rico Dust Experiment , Geophys. Res. Lett. , 29 ( 7 ), 1151, doi:10.1029/2001GL014092.
38. Russell, P. B., J. Redemann,  B. Schmid,  R. W. Bergstrom,  J. M. Livingston,  D. M. McIntosh,  S. A. Ramirez,  S. Hartley,  P. V. Hobbs,  P. K. Quinn,  C. M. Carrico,  M. J. Rood,  E. Öström,  K. J. Noone,  W. von Hoyningen-Huene, and L. Remer, Comparison of Aerosol Single Scattering Albedos Derived by Diverse Techniques in Two North Atlantic Experiments, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences Volume 59, Issue 3 (February 2002) pp. 609-619 DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059<0609:COASSA>2.0.CO;2
37. Wang, J. , et al. ( 2002 ), Clear-column radiative closure during ACE-Asia: Comparison of multiwavelength extinction derived from particle size and composition with results from Sun photometry , J. Geophys. Res. , 107 ( D23 ), 4688, doi:10.1029/2002JD002465.


36. Kiedron, P. , J. Michalsky, B. Schmid, D. Slater, J. Berndt, L. Harrison, P. Racette, E. Westwater, and Y. Han ( 2001 ), A robust retrieval of water vapor column in dry Arctic conditions using the rotating shadowband spectroradiometer , J. Geophys. Res. , 106 ( D20 ), 24,007-24,016.
35. Redemann, J. , P. B. Russell, and P. Hamill ( 2001 ), Dependence of aerosol light absorption and single-scattering albedo on ambient relative humidity for sulfate aerosols with black carbon cores , J. Geophys. Res. , 106 ( D21 ), 27,485-27,496.
34. Schmid, B., J. J. Michalsky, D. W. Slater, J. C. Barnard, R. N. Halthore, J. C. Liljegren, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, T. Ingold, and I. Slutsker, "Comparison of Columnar Water-Vapor Measurements from Solar Transmittance Methods," Appl. Opt. 40 , 1886-1896 (2001)


33. Collins, D. R., H. H. Johnsson, J. H. Seinfeld, R. C. Flagan, S. Gassó, D. A. Hegg, P. B. Russell, B. Schmid, J. M. Livingston, E. Öström, K. J. Noone, L. M. Russell, J. P. Putaud (2000), In situ aerosol-size distributions and clear-column radiative closure during ACE-2, Tellus B 52 (2), 498-525. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.2000.00008.x
32. Durkee, P. A., K. E. Nielsen, P. J. Smith, P. B. Russell, B. Schmid, J. M. Livingston, B. N. Holben, C. Tomasi, V. Vitale, D. Collins, R. C. Flagan, J. H. Seinfeld, K. J. Noone, E. Öström, S. Gassó, D. Hegg, L. M. Russell, T. S. Bates, P. K. Quinn (2000), Regional aerosol optical depth characteristics from satellite observations: ACE-1, TARFOX and ACE-2 results, Tellus B 52 (2), 484-497. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.2000.00040.x
31. Ferrare, R. , et al. ( 2000 ), Comparisons of LASE, aircraft, and satellite measurements of aerosol optical properties and water vapor during TARFOX , J. Geophys. Res. , 105 ( D8 ), 9935-9948.
30. Ferrare, R. , et al. ( 2000 ), Comparison of aerosol optical properties and water vapor among ground and airborne lidars and Sun photometers during TARFOX , J. Geophys. Res. , 105 ( D8 ), 9917-9934.
29. Flamant, Cyrille, Jacques Pelon, Patrick Chazette, Vincent Trouillet, Patricia K. Quinn, Robert Frouin, Didier Bruneau, Jean François Leon, Timothy S. Bates, James Johnson, John Livingston (2000), Airborne lidar measurements of aerosol spatial distribution and optical properties over the Atlantic Ocean during a European pollution outbreak of ACE-2, Tellus B 52 (2), 662-677. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.2000.00083.x
28. Gassó, S., D. A. Hegg, D. S. Covert, D. Collins, K. J. Noone, E. Öström, B. Schmid, P. B. Russell, J. M. Livingston, P. A. Durkee, H. Jonsson (2000), Influence of humidity on the aerosol scattering coefficient and its effect on the upwelling radiance during ACE-2, Tellus B 52 (2), 546-567. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.2000.00055.x
27. Hartley, W. S. , P. V. Hobbs, J. L. Ross, P. B. Russell, and J. M. Livingston ( 2000 ), Properties of aerosols aloft relevant to direct radiative forcing off the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States , J. Geophys. Res. , 105 ( D8 ), 9859-9886.
26. Ingold, T. , B. Schmid, C. Mätzler, P. Demoulin, and N. Kämpfer ( 2000 ), Modeled and empirical approaches for retrieving columnar water vapor from solar transmittance measurements in the 0.72, 0.82, and 0.94 m absorption bands , J. Geophys. Res. , 105 ( D19 ), 24,327-24,344.
25. Ismail, S. , E. V. Browell, R. A. Ferrare, S. A. Kooi, M. B. Clayton, V. G. Brackett, and P. B. Russell ( 2000 ), LASE measurements of aerosol and water vapor profiles during TARFOX , J. Geophys. Res. , 105 ( D8 ), 9903-9916.
24. Livingston, John M., Vladimir N. Kapustin, Beat Schmid, Philip B. Russell, Patricia K. Quinn, Timothy S. Bates, Philip A. Durkee, Peter J. Smith, Volker Freudenthaler, Matthias Wiegner, Dave S. Covert, Santiago Gassó, Dean Hegg, Donald R. Collins, Richard C. Flagan, John H. Seinfeld, Vito Vitale, Claudio Tomasi (2000), Shipboard sunphotometer measurements of aerosol optical depth spectra and columnar water vapor during ACE-2, and comparison with selected land, ship, aircraft, and satellite measurements, Tellus B 52 (2), 594-619. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.2000.00045.x
23. Pilewskie, P. , M. Rabbette, R. Bergstrom, J. Marquez, B. Schmid, and P. B. Russell ( 2000 ), The discrepancy between measured and modeled downwelling solar irradiance at the ground: Dependence on water vapor , Geophys. Res. Lett. , 27 ( 1 ), 137-140.
22. Redemann, J. , R. P. Turco, K. N. Liou, P. V. Hobbs, W. S. Hartley, R. W. Bergstrom, E. V. Browell, and P. B. Russell ( 2000 ), Case studies of the vertical structure of the direct shortwave aerosol radiative forcing during TARFOX , J. Geophys. Res. , 105 ( D8 ), 9971-9980.
21. Redemann, J. , et al. ( 2000 ), Retrieving the vertical structure of the effective aerosol complex index of refraction from a combination of aerosol in situ and remote sensing measurements during TARFOX , J. Geophys. Res. , 105 ( D8 ), 9949-9970.
20. Russell, Philip B., Jost Heintzenberg (2000), An overview of the ACE-2 clear sky column closure experiment (CLEARCOLUMN), Tellus B 52 (2), 463-483. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.2000.00013.x
19. Schmid, Beat, John M. Livingston, Philip B. Russell, Philip A. Durkee, Haflidi H. Jonsson, Donald R. Collins, Richard C. Flagan, John H. Seinfeld, Santiago Gassó, Dean A. Hegg, Elisabeth Öström, Kevin J. Noone, Ellsworth J. Welton, Kenneth J. Voss, Howard R. Gordon, Paola Formenti, Meinrat O. Andreae (2000), Clea-sky closure studies of lower tropospheric aerosol and water vapor during ACE-2 using airborne sunphotometer, airborne in-situ, space-borne, and ground-based measurements, Tellus B 52 (2), 568-593. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.2000.00009.x
18. Welton, Ellsworth J., Kenneth J. Voss, Howard R. Gordon, Hal Maring, Alexander Smirnov, Brent Holben, Beat Schmid, John M. Livingston, Philip B. Russell, Philip A. Durkee, Paola Formenti, Meinrat O. Andreae (2000), Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2: instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements, Tellus B 52 (2), 636-651. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.2000.00025.x


17. Bergstrom, R. W. , and P. B. Russell ( 1999 ), Estimation of aerosol direct radiative effects over the mid-latitude North Atlantic from satellite and in situ measurements , Geophys. Res. Lett. , 26 ( 12 ), 1731-1734.
16. Pepijn Veefkind, J. , G. De Leeuw, P. A. Durkee, P. B. Russell, P. V. Hobbs, and J. M. Livingston ( 1999 ), Aerosol optical depth retrieval using ATSR-2 and AVHRR data during TARFOX , J. Geophys. Res. , 104 ( D2 ), 2253-2260.
15. Russell, P. B. , J. M. Livingston, P. Hignett, S. Kinne, J. Wong, A. Chien, R. Bergstrom, P. Durkee, and P. V. Hobbs ( 1999 ), Aerosol-induced radiative flux changes off the United States mid-Atlantic coast: Comparison of values calculated from sunphotometer and in situ data with those measured by airborne pyranometer , J. Geophys. Res. , 104 ( D2 ), 2289-2308.
14. Russell, P. B. , P. V. Hobbs, and L. L. Stowe ( 1999 ), Aerosol properties and radiative effects in the United States East Coast haze plume: An overview of the Tropospheric Aerosol Radiative Forcing Observational Experiment (TARFOX) , J. Geophys. Res. , 104 ( D2 ), 2213-2222.
13. Schmid, B. , J. Michalsky, R. Halthore, M. Beauharnois, L. Harrison, J. Livingston, P. Russell, B. Holben, T. Eck, and A. Smirnov ( 1999 ), Comparison of aerosol optical depth from four solar radiometers during the fall 1997 ARM Intensive Observation Period , Geophys. Res. Lett. , 26 ( 17 ), 2725-2728.
12. Tanré, D. , L. A. Remer, Y. J. Kaufman, S. Mattoo, P. V. Hobbs, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, and A. Smirnov ( 1999 ), Retrieval of aerosol optical thickness and size distribution over ocean from the MODIS airborne simulator during TARFOX , J. Geophys. Res. , 104 ( D2 ), 2261-2278.


11. Boucher, O. , et al. ( 1998 ), Intercomparison of models representing direct shortwave radiative forcing by sulfate aerosols , J. Geophys. Res. , 103 ( D14 ), 16,979-16,998.
10. Kinne, S. , R. Bergstrom, O. B. Toon, E. Dutton, and M. Shiobara ( 1998 ), Clear-sky atmospheric solar transmission: An analysis based on FIRE 1991 field experiment data , J. Geophys. Res. , 103 ( D16 ), 19,709-19,720.
9. Pilewskie, P. , A. F. H. Goetz, D. A. Beal, R. W. Bergstrom, and P. Mariani ( 1998 ), Observations of the spectral distribution of solar irradiance at the ground during SUCCESS , Geophys. Res. Lett. , 25 ( 8 ), 1141-1144.
8. Redemann, J. , R. P. Turco, R. F. Pueschel, M. A. Fenn, E. V. Browell, and W. B. Grant ( 1998 ), A multi-instrument approach for characterizing the vertical structure of aerosol properties: case studies in the Pacific Basin troposphere , J. Geophys. Res. , 103 ( D18 ), 23,287-23,298.
7. Schmid, B., P. R. Spyak, S. F. Biggar, C. Wehrli, J. Sekler, T. Ingold, C. Mätzler, and N. Kämpfer, "Evaluation of the Applicability of Solar and Lamp Radiometric Calibrations of a Precision Sun Photometer Operating Between 300 and 1025 nm," Appl. Opt. 37 , 3923-3941 (1998)
6. Sokolik, I. N. , O. B. Toon, and R. W. Bergstrom ( 1998 ), Modeling the radiative characteristics of airborne mineral aerosols at infrared wavelengths , J. Geophys. Res. , 103 ( D8 ), 8813-8826.


Hamill, Patrick, Eric J. Jensen,  P. B. Russell, and Jill J. Bauman, The Life Cycle of Stratospheric Aerosol Particles, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Volume 78, Issue 7 (July 1997) pp. 1395-1410 DOI: 10.1175/1520-0477(1997)078<1395:TLCOSA>2.0.CO;2
Hansen, J. , et al. ( 1997 ), Forcings and chaos in interannual to decadal climate change , J. Geophys. Res. , 102 ( D22 ), 25,679-25,720.
Hegg, D. A. , J. Livingston, P. V. Hobbs, T. Novakov, and P. Russell ( 1997 ), Chemical apportionment of aerosol column optical depth off the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States , J. Geophys. Res. , 102 ( D21 ), 25,293-25,304.
Kinne, S., T. P. Ackerman,  M. Shiobara,  A. Uchiyama,  A. J. Heymsfield,  L. Miloshevich,  J. Wendell,  E. Eloranta,  C. Purgold, and R. W. Bergstrom, Cirrus Cloud Radiative and Microphysical Properties from Ground Observations and In Situ Measurements during FIRE 1991 and Their Application to Exhibit Problems in Cirrus Solar Radiative Transfer Modeling, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences Volume 54, Issue 18 (September 1997) pp. 2320-2344 DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1997)054<2320:CCRAMP>2.0.CO;2
Russell, P. B. , S. A. Kinne, and R. W. Bergstrom ( 1997 ), Aerosol climate effects: Local radiative forcing and column closure experiments , J. Geophys. Res. , 102 ( D8 ), 9397-9408.



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