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Earth Science Division: Earth Science Directory

SGG—Atmospheric Science Branch

Philip B. Russell


MS: 245-5

Education: M.S. Management, 1990
Stanford University
  Ph.D., Physics, 1971
Stanford University
  M.S., Physics, 1967
Stanford University
  B.A., Physics, 1965
Wesleyan University

Professional Experience:  
1995-Present Research Scientist
NASA-Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA
1989-1995 Chief, Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Branch
NASA-Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA
1988-1989 Acting Chief and Acting Deputy Chief, Earth System Science Division
NASA-Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA
1982-1989 Chief, Atmospheric Experiments Branch
NASA-Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA
1972-1982 Physicist to Senior Physicist, Atmospheric Science Center
SRI International, Menlo Park, CA
1971-1972 Postdoctoral Appointee
National Center for Atmospheric Research, University of Chicago and NCAR

Scientific Contributions:
  • Studies of atmospheric aerosol and trace gas effects on radiation, climate, and chemistry using remote and in situ measurements from space, air, ground, and ship platforms.
  • Member, Science Team for Earth Observing System Inter-Disciplinary Science (EOS-IDS).
  • Member, Science Team for Solar Occultation Satellites (SOSST).
  • Patent, "Airborne Tracking Sunphotometer Apparatus and System" ( U.S. Pat. No. 4,710,618, awarded 1987)

  • Honors and Awards:
  • NASA Ames Honor Award for excellence in scientific reasearch
  • 1995
  • NASA Ames Associate Fellow for excellence in atmospheric research
  • 1989-1994
  • NASA Group Achivement Awards
  • 1989
  • NASA Space Act Award for invention of AIrborne Autotracking Sunphotometer
  • 1988
  • NASA Exceptional Service Medal for managing Stratosphere- Troposphere Exchange Project
  • Member

  • Phi Beta Kappa
  • Sigma Xi

  • Scientific Societies/ Committees:
    Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science for "pioneering work and scientific leadership in the measurement of aerosol properties and the effects of haze on the Earth's energy budget and climate"
    Editor in Chief of Geophysical Research Letters
    1993, 1996
    Editor of Geophysical Research Letters
    Board of Editors and Atmospheric Science Executive Committee, American Geophysical Union
    Guest Editor of Journal of Geophysical Research Special Issues
    Member 1978-1982
    Chair, American Meteorological Society International Committee on Laser Atmospheric Studies
    Member, National Research Council Committee on Army Basic Research
    Member, American Meteorological Society Committee on Radiation Energy

    Selected Publications: (from 123 peer reviewed publications)
    Russell, P. , et al., Aerosol optical depth measurements by airborne Sun photometer in SOLVE II: Comparisons to SAGE III, POAM III and airborne spectrometer measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys ., 5 , 1311–1339, 2005 (SRef-ID: 1680-7324/acp/2005-5-1311, ).

    Russell, P. B., J. M. Livingston, O. Dubovik, S. A. Ramirez, J. Wang, J. Redemann, B. Schmid, M. Box, and B. N. Holben, Sunlight transmission through desert dust and marine aerosols: Diffuse light corrections to Sun photometry and pyrheliometry, J. Geophys. Res ., 109, D08207, doi:10.1029/2003JD004292, 2004.
    Schmid B., J. Redemann, P. B. Russell, et al., Coordinated airborne, spaceborne, and ground-based measurements of massive, thick aerosol layers during the dry season in Southern Africa , J. Geophys. Res ., 108(D13)8496, doi:10.1029/2002JD002297, 2003.
    Russell, P. B., et al., Comparison of aerosol single scattering albedos derived by diverse techniques in two North Atlantic experiments, J. Atmos. Sci., 59 , 609-619, 2002.
    Redemann, J., P.B. Russell, and P. Hamill, Dependence of aerosol light absorption and single scattering albedo on ambient relative humidity for sulfate aerosols with black carbon cores, J. Geophys. Res. , 106 , 27,485-27,495, 2001
    Russell, P. B., and J. Heintzenberg, An overview of the ACE-2 Clear Sky Column Closure Experiment (CLEARCOLUMN), Tellus B 52 , 463-483, 2000 .
    Schmid, B., Livingston, J. M., Russell, P. B., et al. Clear sky closure studies of lower tropospheric aerosol and water vapor during ACE 2 using airborne sunphotometer, airborne in-situ, space-borne, and ground-based measurements. Tellus B 52 , 568-593, 2000 .
    Bergstrom, R. W., and P. B. Russell, Estimation of aerosol radiative effects over the mid-latitude North Atlantic region from satellite and in situ measurements. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26 , 1731-1734, 1999.
    Russell, P. B., P. V. Hobbs, and L. L. Stowe, Aerosol properties and radiative effects in the United States Mid-Atlantic haze plume: An overview of the Tropospheric Aerosol Radiative Forcing Observational Experiment (TARFOX), J. Geophys. Res ., 104 , 2213-2222, 1999a.
    Russell, P. B., J. M. Livingston, P. Hignett, S. Kinne, J. Wong, and P. V. Hobbs, Aerosol-induced radiative flux changes off the United States Mid-Atlantic coast: Comparison of values calculated from sunphotometer and in situ data with those measured by airborne pyranometer, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 2289-2307, 1999b.
    Russell, P. B., S. Kinne and R. Bergstrom, "Aerosol Climate Effects: Local Radiative Forcing and Column Closure Experiments," J. Geophys. Res., 102 , 9397-9407, 1997.
    Russell, P. B., et al.. Global to Microscale Evolution of the Pinatubo Volcanic Aerosol, Derived from Diverse Measurements and Analyses. J. Geophys. Res. , 101 , 18,745-18,763, 1996a.
    Russell, P.B., L. Pfister, and H.B. Selkirk. "The Tropical Experiment of the Stratosphere-Troposphere Exchange Project (STEP): Science Objectives, Operations, and Summary Findings." J. Geophys. Res. , 98 , 8563-8589, 1993.
    Russell, P.B., et al., "Post-Pinatubo Optical Depth Spectra vs. Latitude and Vortex Structure: Airborne Tracking Sunphotometer Measurements in AASE II." Geophys. Res. Lett. , 20 , 2571-2574, 1993
    Russell, P.B., and M.P. McCormick. "SAGE II Aerosol Data Validation and Initial Data Use: An Introduction and Overview." J. Geophys. Res. , 94 , 8335-8338, 1989.
    Russell, P.B., M.P. McCormick, T.J. Swissler, J.M. Rosen, D.J. Hofmann, and L.R. McMaster. "Satellite and Correlative Measurements of the Stratospheric Aerosol: III. Comparison of Measurements by SAM II, SAGE, Dustsondes, Filters, Impactors, and Lidar." J. Atmos. Sci. , 41 , 1791-1800, 1984.
    Russell, P.B., T.J. Swissler, M.P. McCormick, W.P. Chu, J.M. Livingston, and T.J. Pepin. "Satellite and Correlative Measurements of the Stratospheric Aerosol: I. An Optical Model for Data Conversions." J. Atmos. Sci., 38 , 1270-1294, 1981.
    Russell, P.B., J.M. Livingston, and E.E. Uthe. "Aerosol-Induced Albedo Change: Measurement and Modeling of an Incident." J. Atmos. Sci. , 36, 1587-1608, 1979

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