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South African Regional Science Experiment
August 5 - September 24, 2000

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SAFARI 2001 Data Workshop (Siavonga, Zambia) August 28-31, 2001

Click here for MS Word version of abstract


Airborne Sunphotometry and Closure Studies in the SAFARI-2000 Dry Season Campaign

B. Schmid1, P. B. Russell2, P. Pilewskie2, J. Redemann1, P. V. Hobbs4, E. J. Welton,5 J. Campbell6, B. N. Holben,7 D.L. Hlavka6, M. McGill8

1Bay Area Environmental Research Institute, San Francisco CA, USA

2NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA

4University of Washington, Seattle, WA,USA

5Goddard Earth Sciences and Technology Center, NASA GSFC Code 912, Greenbelt, MD, USA

6Science Systems and Applications Inc, NASA GSFC Code 912, Greenbelt, MD, USA

7NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 923, Greenbelt, MD, USA

8NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 912, Greenbelt, MD, USA

Address: BAER/NASA Ames, MS 245-5, Moffett Field CA 94035-1000,

P: (650) 604-5933, F: (650) 604-3625, e-mail:

From August 13 to September 25, the Southern African Regional Science Initiative's (SAFARI 2000) dry-season airborne campaign coordinated ground-based measurement teams, multiple research aircraft, and satellite overpasses across nine African nations. Among many others, unique coordinated observations were made of the evolution of massive, thick haze layers produced by biomass burning, industrial emissions, marine and biogenic sources.

The NASA Ames Airborne Tracking 14-channel Sunphotometer (AATS-14) was operated successfully aboard the University of Washington CV-580 during 24 data flights. The AATS-14 instrument measures the transmission of the direct solar beam at 14 discrete wavelengths (350-1558 nm) from which we derive spectral aerosol optical depths (AOD), columnar water vapor (CWV) and columnar ozone. Flying at different altitudes over a fixed location allows derivation of layer AOD and CWV. Data taken during feasible vertical profiles allows derivation of aerosol extinction and water vapor density.

In the talk, we show comparisons with ground-based AERONET sun/sky photometer results, with ground based MPL-Net lidar data, and with measurements from a lidar aboard the high-flying ER-2 aircraft. We will use measurements from the Ames Solar Spectral Flux Radiometer to derive estimates of solar spectral forcing as a function of aerosol thickness. Validations of TOMS and Terra satellite aerosol and water vapor retrievals will also be discussed.


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