Figure 2: Current, Planned, and Proposed Land Observation Satellites

 Country Sat. Owner Program Instrument(s) Launch Sensor Types

Frequent Global Coverage, Multispectral Classification Focus

U.S. Gov. Landsat 5 TM '85 M
INDIA Gov. IRS-1B LISS-2, (LISS-1) '91 M
FRANCE Gov. Spot 3 HRV '93 M&P
INDIA Gov. P2 LISS-2 '94 M
INDIA Gov. IRS-1 C LISS-3, PAN, (WIFS) '95 M&P
GERMANY Gov. PRIRODA MOMS-02 '96 M&P
JAPAN Gov. ADEOS AVNIR '96 M&P
INDIA Gov. IRS-1 D LISS-3, PAN, (WIFS) '97 M&P
CHINA-BRAZIL Gov. CBERS CCD, IRMSS '97 M&P
FRANCE Gov. Spot 4 HRVIR, (VEGITATION) '97 M&P
INDIA Gov. IRS-P5 LISS 4, LISS-3' '98 M
U.S. Gov. Landsat 7 ETM+ '98 M&P
U.S. Com. Resource 21 XXX '99 M
INDIA Gov. IRS-2A LISS 4', LISS-3', (WIFS) '00 M
FRANCE Gov. Spot 5A HRG, (VEGITATION) '02 M&P
INDIA Gov. IRS-2B LISS 4, LISS-3', (WIFS) '04 M
FRANCE Gov. Spot 5B HRG, (VEGITATION) '04 M&P
U.S. Gov. EOS AM-2 LATI (MODIS) '04 M&P

High Resolution, Small Area Coverage (PAN and VNIR Only)

RUSSIA Gov. SPIN-2 KVR-1000, TK-350 '96 P(f)
U.S. Com. EarthWatch EarlyBird '96 M&P
U.S. Com. SpaceImaging SIS '97 M&P
U.S. Com. EarthWatch QuickBird '98 M&P
U.S. Com. Orbimage OrbView '98 M&P
U.S. Com. GDE XXX '99 P
INDIA Gov. IRS-P6 PAN '99 P

Hi-Res, Multispectral, Hyperspectral Application Tests

U.S. Gov. CTA Clark W-VIEW '97 M&P
U.S. Gov. TRW Lewis HSI '97 H&P
U.S./JAPAN Gov. EOS AM-1 ASTER, (MODIS) '98 M
US Gov. EO-1 XXX '99 M&H
US Gov. Warfighter 1 XXX '99 M or H

Radar and Radar Plus Optical

RUSSIA Gov. Almaz 1 SAR '91 R
ESA Gov. ERS-1 SAR '91 R
JAPAN Gov. JERS-1 OPS, SAR '92 M&R
U.S.- GER.- IT. Gov. Shuttle Radar SIR-C/X-SAR '94 R
ESA Gov. ERS-2 SAR '94 R
CANADA Gov. Radarsat SAR '95 R
ESA Gov. Poem ASAR '98 R
RUSSIA Gov. Almaz 1B 1 SLR, 3 SARs, 4 SCANNERS* '98 M, P, R
RUSSIA Gov. Almaz 1C 1 SLR, 3 SARs, 4 SCANNERS* '01 M, P, R
JAPAN Gov. ALOS AVNIR-2, VSAR '02 M, P, R
RUSSIA Gov. Almaz 2 1 SLR, 3 SARs, 4 SCANNERS* '04 M, P, R
JAPAN Gov. ALOS-A1 AVNIR-3, VSAR '04 M, P, R
INDIA Gov. IRS-3 MULTI FREQ POL SAR '04 R
JAPAN Gov. ALOS-B1 A-SAR '06 R
JAPAN Gov. ALOS-A2 AVNIR-4, VSAR '07 M, P, R
JAPAN Gov. ALOS-B2 A-SAR '09 R

 UNITED STATES  FRANCE
 INDIA  JAPAN
 RUSSIA  CHINA-BRAZIL
 CANADA  GERMANY
 EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY  
 Multispectral M
 Hyperspectral H
 Panchromatic P
 Radar R
 Film (f)
*= SLR-3, SAR-3, SAR-10, SAR-70, OES, MSU-E, (MSU-SK, SROSM)

(XXX) = Wide field of view, lower resolution sensors


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