The Office of Mission to Planet Earth at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Headquarters issued a research announcement (NRA-95-MTPE-03) soliciting research and education proposals in September of 1995. Five types of proposals were requested by this announcement. The deadline for submission of proposals was December 1995.
The objective of this Announcement was to solicit and select investigations that will complement existing NASA Research and Analysis and the EOS investigations by; 1) selecting a science team for Landsat which is now part of MTPE/EOS program; 2) filling gaps in the expertise of existing science teams for NASA Research Facility instruments/missions; 3) providing opportunity for new investigations to address scientific issues not covered well by existing EOS Interdisciplinary Science Investigations; 4) establishing a New Investigators Program to support recent Ph.D. graduates pursuing research in support of MTPE objectives; and 5) establishing science education and communication grant supplements to foster effective communication of scientific results. The overall goal that the selected proposals share with other investigations funded by NASA is to improve our understanding of the Earth as a coupled and integrated system, how it responds to natural and human-induced perturbations, and how this response manifests itself as global changes.
NASA received 309 proposals in response to this announcement. Each proposal was evaluated by scientific peers including representatives from government, academia, industry and the international Earth-observation community. NASA then selected, from the ones viewed as acceptable by peer evaluators, those proposals needed to accomplish its mission objectives.
LANDSAT SCIENCE TEAM
LANDSAT is now part of the NASA Mission To Planet Earth and Earth Observing System Program and this announcement solicited team members and a team leader proposals to conduct basic research, develop new and innovative methods of extracting information content of LANDSAT observations for global change studies, and guide the development of the follow on to the Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) instrument. All selected investigators will be official members of the Landsat Science Team. LANDSAT 7 is currently scheduled for launch in 1998. The selected science team will evaluate the quality of data acquired by other land-surface imaging missions sponsored by other U. S. Government agencies and private industry in assessing future alternatives in addressing the LANDSAT observations- continuity requirement. NASA received a total of 41 proposals and the selected Team Leader and Members are:
|Robert||Bindschadler||Goddard Space Flight Center||Enhanced Antarctic Research with Landsat: Ice-sheet Dynamics, History, and Cartography|
|Robert F||Cahalan||Goddard Space Flight Center||Clear Sky and Cloud: Characterization and Correction for Landsat|
|Kendall L||Carder||University of South Florida||Bottom-Assessment and Water-Constituent Algorithms for the ETM in the Coastal Zone|
|Luke P||Flynn||University of Hawaii, Manoa||Analysis of Volcanic Eruptions and Fires Using Landsat 7|
|Alexander||Goetz||University of Colorado, Boulder||Land and Land-Use Change in the Climate Sensitive High Plains: An Automated Approach with Landsat|
|Samuel N||Goward||University of Maryland, College Park||Terrestrial Monitoring at High Spatial Resolution: The Role of Landsat-type Sensors in Mission to Planet Earth|
|Susan||Moran||US Department of Agriculture||LANDSAT TM and ETM+ Data for Resource Monitoring and Management|
|Frank D||Palluconi||Jet Propulsion Laboratory||Landsat 7: Calibration and Atmospheric Correction for Thermal Band 6|
|John||Price||US Department of Agriculture||Surface Classification for MODIS, Radiometric Calibration and Project Support|
|John R||Schott||Rochester Institute of Technology||Absolute Calibration, Atmospheric Correction and Application of LANDSAT ETM= Thermal Infrared Data|
|David L||Skole||University of New Hampshire||Acquisition and Analysis of Large Quantities of Landsat 7 Data for Measuring Tropical Land Cover Change|
|Kurtis J||Thome||University of Arizona||Absolute Radiometric Calibration and Atmospheric Correction of Landsat-7 Thematic Mapper|
|James E||Vogelman||US Geological Survey||Characterization of Landsat 7 Geometry and Radiometry for Land Cover Analysis|
|Curtis E||Woodcock||Boston University||Monitoring Changes in Temperate Coniferous Forest Ecosystems|
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