Selection Results
for the
NASA Research Announcement Entitled

"Opportunities to Participate in NASA Mission to Planet Earth and Earth Observing System Science and Education Programs"


Background

The Office of Mission to Planet Earth at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Headquarters issued a research announcement (NRA-95-MTPE-03) soliciting research and education proposals in September of 1995. Five types of proposals were requested by this announcement. The deadline for submission of proposals was December 1995.

The objective of this Announcement was to solicit and select investigations that will complement existing NASA Research and Analysis and the EOS investigations by; 1) selecting a science team for Landsat which is now part of MTPE/EOS program; 2) filling gaps in the expertise of existing science teams for NASA Research Facility instruments/missions; 3) providing opportunity for new investigations to address scientific issues not covered well by existing EOS Interdisciplinary Science Investigations; 4) establishing a New Investigators Program to support recent Ph.D. graduates pursuing research in support of MTPE objectives; and 5) establishing science education and communication grant supplements to foster effective communication of scientific results. The overall goal that the selected proposals share with other investigations funded by NASA is to improve our understanding of the Earth as a coupled and integrated system, how it responds to natural and human-induced perturbations, and how this response manifests itself as global changes.

NASA received 309 proposals in response to this announcement. Each proposal was evaluated by scientific peers including representatives from government, academia, industry and the international Earth-observation community. NASA then selected, from the ones viewed as acceptable by peer evaluators, those proposals needed to accomplish its mission objectives.

LANDSAT SCIENCE TEAM

LANDSAT is now part of the NASA Mission To Planet Earth and Earth Observing System Program and this announcement solicited team members and a team leader proposals to conduct basic research, develop new and innovative methods of extracting information content of LANDSAT observations for global change studies, and guide the development of the follow on to the Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) instrument. All selected investigators will be official members of the Landsat Science Team. LANDSAT 7 is currently scheduled for launch in 1998. The selected science team will evaluate the quality of data acquired by other land-surface imaging missions sponsored by other U. S. Government agencies and private industry in assessing future alternatives in addressing the LANDSAT observations- continuity requirement. NASA received a total of 41 proposals and the selected Team Leader and Members are:

Landsat
Robert Bindschadler Goddard Space Flight Center Enhanced Antarctic Research with Landsat: Ice-sheet Dynamics, History, and Cartography
Robert F Cahalan Goddard Space Flight Center Clear Sky and Cloud: Characterization and Correction for Landsat
Kendall L Carder University of South Florida Bottom-Assessment and Water-Constituent Algorithms for the ETM in the Coastal Zone
Luke P Flynn University of Hawaii, Manoa Analysis of Volcanic Eruptions and Fires Using Landsat 7
Alexander Goetz University of Colorado, Boulder Land and Land-Use Change in the Climate Sensitive High Plains: An Automated Approach with Landsat
Samuel N Goward University of Maryland, College Park Terrestrial Monitoring at High Spatial Resolution: The Role of Landsat-type Sensors in Mission to Planet Earth
Susan Moran US Department of Agriculture LANDSAT TM and ETM+ Data for Resource Monitoring and Management
Frank D Palluconi Jet Propulsion Laboratory Landsat 7: Calibration and Atmospheric Correction for Thermal Band 6
John Price US Department of Agriculture Surface Classification for MODIS, Radiometric Calibration and Project Support
John R Schott Rochester Institute of Technology Absolute Calibration, Atmospheric Correction and Application of LANDSAT ETM= Thermal Infrared Data
David L Skole University of New Hampshire Acquisition and Analysis of Large Quantities of Landsat 7 Data for Measuring Tropical Land Cover Change
Kurtis J Thome University of Arizona Absolute Radiometric Calibration and Atmospheric Correction of Landsat-7 Thematic Mapper
James E Vogelman US Geological Survey Characterization of Landsat 7 Geometry and Radiometry for Land Cover Analysis
Curtis E Woodcock Boston University Monitoring Changes in Temperate Coniferous Forest Ecosystems


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